Page 4 - Submission: Public Payment for Public Goods, Semi-wild Dartmoor Hill Pony herds
P. 4

iv)  Dartmoor calculated the cost of raising  pony herds on Dartmoor, using  the

                           method used by the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) to
                           calculate the cost of production for cattle and sheep.  The full report can be seen

                           here:

                            https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3Ada3a1ad2-90df-49af-bb21-98f47c782527

                            And here:

                           https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3Af400e3db-9617-4659-a02c-ff87070c2d25

                           It found that the cost of production for a pony on Dartmoor scored minus 78,

                           compared to minus 88 for cattle and minus  1  for sheep on Severely

                           Disadvantaged  upland ground, where the minus  indicates a cost greater than
                           market price.  This submission argues that financial support must be allocated to

                           ponies in this ratio, through Payment for Public Goods.  This submission suggests

                           an annual payment of £78 per pony.

               4      c)   Semi-wild and Native Breed At Risk (NBAR)

                        i)  The Dartmoor Hill Pony is semi-wild. Officials confirmed at a recent meeting
                           (Parke, 11 April 2017) that DEFRA’s definition of semi-wild status required that

                           ‘animals must remain outside of human control for their survival and

                           reproduction’.  This excludes semi-wild ponies from being considered a breed,
                           where the dam and sire of a foal must be known in order for pedigree status to

                           be granted. This means that, in spite of their rare genetics and having only 1000

                           breeding mares, hill farmers owning Dartmoor Hill Ponies can  not access

                           financial support through Native Breed At Risk payments.

                       ii)  The Dartmoor Pony is entered on the Native Breeds At Risk register and financial
                           support can be accessed through this route where made available.

                           Please see para 4d below to distinguish these two pony-types.

               4      d)   Central to Dartmoor Hill-Farming History and Culture
                        i)  The history of Dartmoor’s semi-wild Dartmoor Hill Pony herd can be viewed


                           here:    https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A79d8b60c-efd5-4fb8-9d44-50f84a8ae262
                           This lists historically documented and archaeological evidence demonstrating

                           that they have existed on Dartmoor since at least the Bronze Age, probably

                           earlier.  Since at least 1086 (Domesday Book entries) these herds have been
                           wild, but owned, defined by DEFRA today as semi-wild.

                       ii)  This timeline explains how Dartmoor has 2 pony types connected to the region:
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