Page 5 - Submission: Public Payment for Public Goods, Semi-wild Dartmoor Hill Pony herds
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the semi-wild Dartmoor Hill Pony herds, and the Dartmoor Pony breed which

                           was developed by the then Prince of Wales (Edward VII) in the 1860s.
                       iii)  Dartmoor Hill Pony semi-wild herds roam freely on the upland commons of

                           Dartmoor, year  round:   as a rule, the pedigree Dartmoor Ponies graze the

                           commons in the summer months only.
                       iv)  The majority of ponies seen on Dartmoor commons are semi-wild Dartmoor Hill

                           Ponies.

               4      e)   Conservation Grazing

                           Click here: https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3Ababb9e58-754a-456e-aaa4-
                           1fdf0dc69d1e
                        i)  This paper is written by Fraser, Stanley and Hegarty outlining the value of semi-
                           wild pony-grazing on the biodiversity of UK uplands.  It is peer-reviewed and is

                           due to be published after the deadline date for submission to the Agriculture bill

                           committee.  Please read a minimum of Abstract and sections 1-3.   It concludes

                           that:-

                       ii)  There is high ecological overlap between pony and cattle grazing reported in a
                           range of studies; that semi-wild ponies should be considered as an alternative

                           tool for conservation management.

                       iii)  Semi-wild ponies are useful grazers where there is a need to reduce the
                           dominance of plant species avoided by small ruminants such as sheep.

                       iv)  Semi-wild ponies are particularly  suited to conservation grazing because their

                           genomes have been shaped by natural not artificial selection (such as a chosen

                           height/shape/colour).
                       v)  Furthermore, it argues that as agricultural policy plans to deliver public goods

                           rather than primary production, recognising the value of native ponies, and

                           semi-wild  ponies in particular, as grazers, achieves biodiversity whilst

                           simultaneously supporting at risk equine genotypes.
                       vi)  Please click here:

                           https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A2f9c997c-6793-49f0-a3f1-5b29a3371dbc

                           and here:

                           https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A38768662-c800-4873-941a-8af4a36b3cc8
                           to see statements by Natural England and Butterfly Conservation (pony grazing

                           is essential to supporting the rare Marsh Fritillary Butterfly:  Dartmoor is

                           consequently a stronghold for this butterfly).
               4      f)   Value to Tourism
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