Page 6 - Submission: Public Payment for Public Goods, Semi-wild Dartmoor Hill Pony herds
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i)  ‘Ask any visiting tourist to describe Dartmoor and the word ‘ponies’ will be said

                           within the first three sentences’, Peter Parsons, 25years  the Landlord  of
                           Dartmoor’s  famous Warren House Inn.   Ponies are an  icon of Dartmoor, they

                           feature in the emblem of the Dartmoor National Park Authority:  visitors come

                           to the National Park to see them stood in the landscape of tors and streams.
                           This is evidenced by the annual Park-wide appeal to not feed them or draw them

                           to the roadside.

                       ii)  The value of semi-wild pony herds to Dartmoor tourism economy is currently

                           being studied and quantified at Exeter University.  Click here to see the scope of

                           that study:
                           https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn%3Aaaid%3Ascds%3AUS%3A38c1085e-5ed7-4cda-bbd0-d18fc82cbaa6

                       iii)  UK National Parks are currently tasked by DEFRA to increase the number  of

                           visitors by 10%.  Ponies have a role to play in achieving this target for Dartmoor.
                       iv)  Dartmoor’s  pony  herds are an  ideal vehicle through which to introduce the

                           visitor to the moor’s history and pre-history;  it’s  redundant  centuries-old

                           quarries and granite tramways which are now burgeoning with wildlife; the flora

                           and fauna encouraged by how ponies graze; the tradition of hill-farming.

               4      g)   Rare Genetics
                        i)  In 2017 the Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Science,

                           Aberystwyth University, analysed the genetics of the Dartmoor Hill Pony herds.

                           The full report can be read here:    https://drive.google.com/open?id=1yvD_t0xTy_oj-wJ4ivXzgjMfmSs6vsMB
                       ii)  The analysis showed that the Hill Ponies of Dartmoor are one distinct type of

                           pony, distinct to all other UK native pony breed; distinct even to the Dartmoor

                           Pony breed.

                       iii)  The analysis also showed that Dartmoor Hill Ponies hold rare genetics, seen in
                           one other UK pony type the semi-wild ponies of the Carneddau mountains in

                           Wales.  These rare genetics are related to their ability (known anecdotally for

                           centuries) to tolerate cold and stay fat even when fodder is not available in the

                           winter months.  It is scientific confirmation that these semi-wild Dartmoor Hill
                           Ponies are the correct type to thrive and survive Dartmoor’s  harsh  upland

                           climate whilst conservation grazing year-round.

                       iv)  Dartmoor Hill Pony and Dartmoor Pony genetics have been included in a world-

                           wide study known as  Pegasus, led by Prof Ludovic Orlando, funded by the
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